پادکست های BBC 6 minute English (قسمت ششم) ۲۰۱۹

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قسمت ششم پادکست های BBC 6 minute English 2019

در بخش ششم پادکست های ۶ دقیقه ای بی بی سی، ۶ لغت و اصطلاح مهم با محوریت موضوع what to do when you cant sleep (وقتی نمیتونیم بخوابیم چیکار کنیم) بررسی می شود.

ابتدا پادکست را بدون متن گوش کنید. آن را دوباره  به همراه متن گوش دهید و در مرحله آخر لغات آن را مرور کنید.

 

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لغات و اصطلاحات این قسمت از BBC 6 minute English

 

insomnia

بی خوابی، وقتی آدم کلافه میشه نمیتونه بخوابه.

Ex: He suffered from headaches, insomnia and loss of appetite

او از سردرد، بی خوابی و بی اشتهایی رنج میبرد.

 

 

tossing and turning

این پهلو و ان پهلو شدن، غلت زدن

Ex: You feel as if you’ve been tossing and turning all night, and wake up feeling worn out

احساس میکنی که کل شب رو تو خواب غلت زدی و صبح ک پا میشی حس میکنی خیلی خسته ای.

 

 

counter-intuitive

دور از انتظار، غیر مترقبه، یهویی

 

Ex: As counter intuitive as it may seem, the universe has no center, and it has no boundary.

به همون اندازه که دور از انتظار به نظر می رسه، جهان هیچ مرکزی نداشته و هیچ مرزی هم ندارد.

 

 

decades

سال های زیادی

 

Ex: it may take decades to see a player like Lionel Messi.

ممکنه سال ها طول بکشه بازیکنی مثل لیونل مسی ببینیم.

 

 

diluted

کم رنگ، کم جان، کم رمق

 

Ex: we should not allow our educational standards to become diluted

نباید اجازه دهیم معیارهای آموزشی ما دچار ضعف شوند.

 

 

chronic

(پزشکی) مزمن، وخیم، جدی، دائم

 

Ex: She suffers from chronic back pain.

درد کمر جدی و وخیمی داره.

 

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متن پادکست BBC 6 minute English

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Neil
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I’m Neil.

Rob
And I’m Rob.

Neil
You look tired, Rob.

Rob
Well, I didn’t sleep well last night. I was tossing and turning all night, but I couldn’t get to sleep.

Neil
Well, that’s a coincidence, as our topic today is insomnia – the condition some people suffer from when they find it difficult to get to sleep when they go to bed.

Rob
Thankfully I don’t really have insomnia, but every now and again, I find it difficult to get to sleep.

Neil
Well, keep listening and we might have some advice to help with that, but first, a question: What is the record for the longest a human has gone without sleep? Is it:

A) about seven days?

B) about nine days? Or

C) about 11 days?

What do you think, Rob?

Rob
All of those seem impossible! So I’ve got to go with the shortest – about seven days.

Neil
Well, if you can stay awake long enough, I’ll let you know at the end of the programme. Dr Michael Grandner is an expert in all things to do with sleep. He was interviewed recently on the BBC radio programme Business Daily. He was asked what his best tip was to help you get to sleep if you are finding it difficult. What was his suggestion?

Dr Michael Grandner
And it sounds counter-intuitive, but trust me I’ve got decades of data behind this statement: If you cannot sleep, get out of bed.

Neil
So Rob, how does he suggest you help yourself to get to sleep?

Rob
Well actually, he says that the best thing to do is to get out of bed!

Neil
That sounds exactly the opposite of what you should do, doesn’t it?

Rob
Well, he does say that his advice is counter-intuitive, which means exactly that. That it is the opposite of what you might expect.

Neil
And he says that this advice is backed up by decades of research. A decade is a period of 10 years and when we say decades,it’s a general term for many years, at least 20. Let’s hear that advice again from Dr Grandner.

Dr Michael Grandner
And it sounds counter-intuitive, but trust me I’ve got decades of data behind this statement: If you cannot sleep, get out of bed.

Neil
So why is getting out of bed good advice? Here’s the explanation from Dr Grandner.

Dr Michael Grandner
When you’re in bed and you’re not asleep and you do that over, and over, and over again for extended periods of time, the ability of the bed to put you to sleep starts getting diluted. Not only that, it starts getting replaced by thinking, and tossing and turning, and worrying, and doing all these things. When you’re not asleep, get out of bed. This is probably one of the most effective ways to prevent chronic insomnia. It’s also one of the really effective ways to treat it. It won’t work 100% of the time, but it will actually work more than most people think.

Neil
We normally sleep in beds. Beds are designed to make it easy to sleep, but if we can’t sleep, that makes the bed’s impact weaker. As Dr Grandner says, ‘it dilutes the power of the bed to help us sleep’.

Rob
When you dilute something, you make it weaker. For example, you can dilute the strength of a strong fruit juice by adding water to it.

Neil
So if we stay in bed, tossing and turning, which is the expression we use to describe moving around in the bed trying to get to sleep, we begin to think of the bed as place where we don’t sleep rather than as a place where we do sleep. So, get out of bed to break the connection.

Rob
This he says is a positive way to approach chronic insomniaChronic is an adjective that is used to describe conditions that are long-lasting. So we’re not talking here about occasionally not being able to get to sleep, but a condition where it happens every night.

Neil
Let’s hear Dr Grandner again.

Dr Michael Grandner
When you’re in bed and you’re not asleep and you do that over, and over, and over again for extended periods of time, the ability of the bed to put you to sleep starts getting diluted. Not only that, it starts getting replaced by thinking, and tossing and turning, and worrying, and doing all these things. When you’re not asleep, get out of bed. This is probably one of the most effective ways to prevent chronic insomnia. It’s also one of the really effective ways to treat it. It won’t work 100% of the time, but it will actually work more than most people think.

Neil
Time to review today’s vocabulary, but first, let’s have the answer to the quiz question. What is the record for the longest a human has gone without sleep? Is it:

A) about seven days?

B) about nine days?

C) about 11 days?

What did you think, Rob?

Rob
I thought it must be about seven days.

Neil
Well, I’m afraid you’re not right. The answer, rather amazingly, is actually just over 11 days. Extra bonus points for anyone who knew that that was done in 1964 by someone called Randy Gardner.

Rob
That’s extraordinary. It’s difficult to imagine even going a couple of days without sleep, but 11! I wonder how long he slept for after that!

Neil
۱۴ hours and 40 minutes.

Rob
You’ve got all the answers, haven’t you?

Neil
Well when I can’t sleep, I get up and read trivia! And now it’s time for the vocabulary. Today our topic has been insomnia.

Rob
This is the word for the condition of not being able to sleep. And something that people do when they are trying to sleep is toss and turn in bed.

Neil
The opposite of what seems logical or obvious is counter-intuitive. It goes against what you might expect. So if you can’t sleep, get out of bed.

Rob
Our next word is diluted. This is from the verb to dilute which means ‘to make something less strong’.

Neil
And finally there was the adjective chronic. This is an expression for a medical condition that is long-lasting. So someone who has chronic insomnia regularly has difficulty getting enough sleep. It’s not just something that happens now and again.

Rob
Well, we hope that 6 Minute English isn’t a cure for insomnia, but I do find listening to podcasts and spoken radio helps me get to sleep.

Neil
Well, before we all drop off to sleep from the comforting tone of your voice, Rob, it’s time for us to say goodbye. That’s it for this programme. For more, find us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and our Youtube pages, and of course our website: bbclearningenglish.com, where you can find all kinds of other programmes and videos and activities to help you improve your English. Thank you for joining us, and goodbye.

Rob
Bye!

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دانلود pdf متن پادکست این قسمت BBC 6 minute English

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